Postgraduate Medicine

Instructions for Authors

Journal History and Mission

Postgraduate Medicine is a rapid peer-reviewed medical journal published for physicians. Established in 1916 by Charles Mayo, MD, Postgraduate Medicine is a peer-to-peer method of communicating the latest research to aid physicians when making treatment decisions.

Our mission is to provide relevant, useful, and authoritative medical information to help physicians solve clinical problems and improve patient care. With contributions from leading physicians and researchers from around the world, Postgraduate Medicine provides a cutting-edge perspective on the most recent developments across many medical specialties.

Each issue contains original research, academic review articles, health outcomes articles, and editorials to assist practicing physicians in making decisions by including the latest techniques and treatment options for treating their patients.

Rapid Publication Service

Publication in Postgraduate Medicine is driven entirely by editorial considerations and independent authoritative peer review. We offer 3 prioritized modes of publication; manuscripts from all rapid publication tracks are comprehensively assessed and peer reviewed for the quality and robustness of content.

Super-Fast Track

Super-Fast Track offers the top level of service–with 72-hour peer review turnaround, DOI assignment upon approval of page proofs and manuscript submission to online (‘Prior to Print’) publication in 5-7 weeks.*

Service fees: A page support fee based on a charge of $750 per printed page.

*Authors are required to submit a revised manuscript with 10 calendar days following receipt of the Review Report as well as to turn around page proofs promptly.

**Please let us know if you have special DOI assignment or online publication requirements, as we'll be happy to accommodate your needs.

Expedited Track

Expedited Track offers submission to online (“Prior to Print”) publication in 10–12 weeks. Authors are required to submit a revised manuscript within 20 calendar days following receipt of the Review Report as well as to turn around page proofs promptly.

Service fees: A page support fee based on a charge of $500 per printed page.

Standard Track

Standard Track provides manuscript submission to online publication within 30-45 weeks.

Service fees: No per printed page charge.

In the event of author/sponsor-initiated withdrawal of the manuscript at any stage of the publication process and at the discretion of the Editorial Office, a partial page support fee will be charged. These charges support the expedient processing of material.

JTE Multimedia Waiver Policy

JTE Multimedia understands that in some cases, authors may not have the funding to support page fees. Submission fees and page charges for exceptional papers that are not sponsored or otherwise supported by industry, a university grant, or alternative forms of support may be reduced or waived solely at JTE Multimedia's discretion. If you have no funding for page charges, please state this in your cover letter at the time of submission. Note that Super Fast-Track and Expedited-Track submissions are not eligible for a reduced or waived fee. No fee waiver will be granted after a manuscript is submitted.

Published Continuously Online and in Print

Journal articles are published continuously online, meaning that each article is published online when authors have approved the final article page proofs and within its scheduled Rapid Publication Service track.

Articles are published online in the "Prior to Print" section of the journal's online home page. These "Prior to Print" articles are provided in HTML and also in a PDF format exactly as they will appear in the print issue. The articles are fully citable, with both final pagination and DOI information and made available as Epub ahead of print entries on PubMed.

Postgraduate Medicine is published 6 times annually. The journal will publish in January, March, May, July, September, and November. Please contact our journal office (editorial@postgradmed.com), for the 2014 editorial calendar, which details all submission deadlines and call for papers.

Peer Review

All submitted manuscripts undergo rigorous, double-blinded peer review by at least 2 qualified referees. To be accepted by the journal, a paper should be clinically relevant, medically/scientifically accurate, and methodologically rigorous. Peer reviewers examine the paper's science, comprehensiveness, timeliness, rigor, independence, and balance. The Editorial Office also will assess the paper for clarity, flow, and adherence to journal style. The entire review process is geared to provide constructive and collegial help in achieving the journal's mission of disseminating high-quality content as quickly as possible to the medical community.

All solicited and unsolicited manuscript submissions undergo the same stringent peer-review process; therefore, revisions may be required as a condition of acceptance. The corresponding author should expect to receive a decision regarding acceptance, revision, or rejection depending on the rapid publication track selected upon submission. See Rapid Publication Service section above.

Upon receipt of the manuscript, the managing editor will first review the submission to determine its clinical relevancy, clarity, and adherence to the journal's scope. If deemed suitable for possible inclusion in Postgraduate Medicine, the managing editor will then send the manuscript to independent reviewers.

All manuscripts are assigned at least 2 independent peer reviewers. Each reviewer is informed of the deadline date for returning their manuscript evaluation to the managing editor (whether Super-Fast Track, Expedited Track, or Standard Track). If a reviewer does not return his or her manuscript evaluation by the deadline date, the editor will either send a follow-up e-mail requesting the review or appoint a new reviewer.

After receiving the reviews, the editor will e-mail the corresponding author with any Editorial Office comments and reviewers' comments, and possible immediate acceptance or rejection. If a manuscript requires further revision, it must be returned to the editor with an accompanying Word document explaining each change made to the original manuscript per the reviewers' suggestions and Editorial Office comments. When accepted for publication, every author must sign an Author Release and Financial Disclosure (transparency) form before the manuscript can be published. Accepted manuscripts will not be published without this documentation.

Proofs and Publication

Article page proofs are provided to the corresponding author or designated editorial contact for review via the Postgraduate Medicine ScholarOne Manuscripts site. If, because of exceptional delays, time is limited, the Publisher reserves the right to have second or later proofs checked by the in-house editorial staff. No major alterations to the text will be accepted at proof stage. Electronic publication will constitute formal publication of the article, with all subsequent critical changes or error corrections being dealt with via publication of a formal erratum or corrigendum.

It is the author's responsibility to thoroughly and carefully check proofs before approving an article for publication. Errata/corrigenda will be published only in the most exceptional of circumstances.

Plagiarism Policy

JTE Multimedia journals have a strict policy against plagiarism of any kind, including self-plagiarism. Plagiarism is defined as the use of excerpts from another person's work that are not attributed to the original author, without the permission of the copyright holder and without acknowledgment of that permission (using the appropriate reference style), with the result that the article presents these excerpts as original to the original author (i.e., yours). By submitting your work to one of our journals, you warrant that it is your original work, and that you have secured the necessary written permission from the appropriate copyright owner or authority for the reproduction of any text, illustration, or other material. Any material taken from another source requires the permission of the copyright holder, even if adapted and modified, and appropriate release forms must be submitted with the manuscript showing that permission to reprint or adapt material has been granted by the copyright holder. As required exact wording for necessary credit lines must appear with the appropriate material (table, figure, or other) in the submitted manuscript and a copy of the permission granted must accompany the manuscript submission as well.

If any manuscript submitted to a JTE Multimedia journal is found to have breached any of these conditions, JTE Multimedia reserves the right to reject that manuscript and any others submitted by the same author(s). We may also contact the authors' affiliated institutions to inform them of our findings.

Pre-Submission and Editorial Correspondence

JTE Multimedia encourages authors to contact our Editorial Office prior to formal manuscript submission. Our editors will be able to help you in ensuring that your manuscript is within the journal's scope, provide you with helpful and practical replies to your manuscript-preparation queries, and assist you in any way during the publishing process.

For Postgraduate Medicine, please contact our journal offices at editorial@postgradmed.com or 1-610-889-3734.

Copyright Assignment

Articles are published with the understanding that their copyright is assigned to the Publisher once they are accepted. If any material used is subject to third-party copyright, copyright clearance is the sole responsibility of the authors. Please consult the Postgraduate Medicine Author Release and Financial Disclosure form for additional information about copyright and uses.

Upon manuscript submission, authors must attest that they have obtained written permission to reprint or adapt materials (text, figures, tables, etc.) for use within the manuscript and attest that they have obtained written consent from any person or persons identifiable in any image used within the manuscript. Copies of such releases must accompany the submitted manuscript.

Transparency Policy

The Postgraduate Medicine Author Release and Financial Disclosure form provides a standardized mechanism for identification, review, and analysis of any relevant financial or non-financial relationships that may potentially affect the independence, integrity, and scientific balance of our editorial content.

A potential conflict of interest is present when individuals (or their spouses/partners) are in a position to exert influence on the content of the manuscript or material and have relevant personal financial relationships with commercial entities and non-financial relationships that may bias the content. The publication of fair and balanced information forms the core foundation of the journal; therefore, Postgraduate Medicine requires that all authors identify relationships that have BOTH the following elements: 1) a relevant financial or non-financial relationship occurring within the past 12 months and 2) the opportunity to affect the content in the material about the products or services of that commercial company or about the beliefs or opinions espoused by the individual or any organization.

On the Postgraduate Medicine Author Release and Financial Disclosure form, authors will be asked to provide the names of the commercial organizations and the clinical/research areas with which they have a financial relationship(s). Such relationships include, but are not limited to, employment (includes retainer), advisory committee/board membership, independent contractor (including contracted research and clinical trials), stock/ownership, patent holder, consultant, and/or speakers' bureau and teaching engagements. Authors are also asked to identify to participants any discussion of non–FDA-approved or investigational uses of products or medical devices included in their presentation/manuscript/case/discussion.

A relationship that poses a potential conflict of interest will not necessarily exclude your contribution. We employ independent peer review to resolve any potential conflicts as part of our editorial process.

HOW TO SUBMIT A MANUSCRIPT

From our home page, use the "Authors" drop-down menu and select "Submit a Manuscript". All manuscripts should be submitted to Postgraduate Medicine’s ScholarOne Manuscripts website. At the ScholarOne Manuscripts site, each of the required questions and attestations should be answered and components (manuscripts and figure/table files) should be uploaded and submitted together, including which Rapid Publication track you have chosen. *Please note that the Author Release and Financial Disclosure form can be downloaded from the Instructions & Forms area of the ScholarOne Manuscripts website.

The corresponding author will receive an e-mail confirming receipt of the manuscript. If the submission is incomplete (e.g., missing text components, figures, tables, permissions), the corresponding author will be informed of what is missing and will be asked to resubmit a complete version. Please be sure to read the section outlining what organizational components are required for each article type.

Postgraduate Medicine conforms to the AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors, 10th Edition, for style and formatting. All articles should be written as clearly as possible. Authors should avoid jargon and colloquialisms.

Please direct any manuscript-related queries (e.g., submission process, peer-review process, manuscript status, or formatting) to our offices at: editorial@postgradmed.com. Please direct any business-related queries (e.g., advertising, subscriptions, or publishing a supplement) to JTE Multimedia Managing Director, John Elduff, at j.elduff@postgradmed.com.


Editage Scribendi

ARTICLE TYPES

Postgraduate Medicine accepts the following article types: 1) original research, 2) evidence-based review articles, 3) health outcomes, 4) supplements, and 5) letters to the Editor-in-Chief.

1) Original Research

Original research articles are formal investigative studies that focus on timely clinical issues. These reports typically include randomized trials, intervention studies, cohort studies, case-control studies, epidemiologic assessments, other observational studies, surveys with high response rates, cost-effectiveness analyses and decision analyses, and studies of screening and diagnostic tests. Each manuscript should clearly state an objective or hypothesis; the design and methods (including the study setting and dates, patients or participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria and/or participation or response rates, or data sources, and how these were selected for the study); the essential features of any interventions; the main outcome measures; the main results of the study; a comment section placing the results in context with the published literature and addressing study limitations; and the conclusion. Data included in research reports should be as current as possible. A signed Author Release and Financial Disclosure form is required before any submission can be published.

Original Research articles should be organized as follows:

  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract (Please include 4–6 keywords for indexing)
  3. Introduction
  4. Materials and Methods
  5. Results
  6. Discussion
  7. Conclusion
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. References
  10. Figure Legends
  11. Tables
  12. Figures
  13. Treatment algorithm(s) (optional)

Original Research articles:

Length: Standard Track: 3000–6000 words (abstract–conclusion; not counting references, legends, tables, and figures)
Abstract: 100–300 words
Expedited and Super-Fast Track: 3000 word minimum (abstract–conclusion; not counting references, legends, tables, and figures)
Abstract: 100–300 words
Figures: 6, maximum. Authors should contact the Editorial Office (editorial@postgradmed.com) if interested in submitting more than 6 figures. Authors must obtain permission via the original publisher for any adapted/reproduced material.
Tables: 8, maximum. Authors should contact the Editorial Office (editorial@postgradmed.com) if interested in submitting more than 8 tables. Please see the Material Components section of this document for information regarding image resolution. Authors must obtain permission via the original publisher for any adapted/reproduced material.

Clinical Trials:

In these studies, individuals are randomly allocated to receive or not receive a preventive, therapeutic, or diagnostic intervention and then followed up to determine the effect of the intervention. All randomized clinical trials should include a CONSORT flow diagram (http://www.consort-statement.org/), and authors should provide a completed randomized trial CONSORT statement checklist and a trial protocol. All clinical trials must be registered at an appropriate online public registry before submission of a manuscript based on the trial.

Trial Registration:

As a condition of consideration for publication, Postgraduate Medicine aims to follow the guidelines established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), AMA, and the FDAAA legislation requiring registration of all trials in a public trials registry meeting the minimum registration data as described by the ICMJE. Examples of acceptable trial registries include the following:

http://www.clinicaltrials.gov
and
http://www.who.int/ictrp/en/

For this purpose, a clinical trial is any study that prospectively assigns human subjects to intervention or comparison groups to evaluate the cause-and-effect relationship between a medical intervention and a health outcome. All clinical trials, regardless of when they were completed, and secondary analyses of original clinical trials must be registered before submission of a manuscript based on the trial. For clinical trials starting patient enrollment after July 2005, trials must be registered before the onset of enrollment. Trial registry name, registration identification number, and the URL for the registry should be included at the end of the abstract. Authors of randomized controlled trials are also encouraged to submit trial protocols along with their manuscripts.

2) Review Articles

Review articles should be evidence-based, comprehensive analyses and meta-analyses of specific topics that are relevant to our readers. Review articles published in Postgraduate Medicine are both solicited and unsolicited. The submitted article should describe current developments in the field of clinical medicine. All review articles should present content that is accessible to readers who are not intimately familiar with the subject being reviewed. As such, all review articles should increase readers’ interest and describe important developments in the relevant medical area. We encourage authors to contact the Editorial Office to discuss any unsolicited article topics in order to avoid replication of previously published or already submitted articles. A signed Author Release and Financial Disclosure form is required before any submission can be published.

Review articles should be organized as follows:

  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract (Please include 4–6 keywords for indexing)
  3. Introduction
  4. Materials and Methods
  5. Summary
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. References
  8. Figure Legends
  9. Tables
  10. Figures
  11. Treatment algorithm(s) (optional)

Review articles:

Length: Standard Track: 3000–6000 words (abstract–conclusion; not counting references, legends, tables, and figures)
Abstract: 100–300 words
Expedited and Super-Fast Track: 3000 word minimum (abstract–conclusion; not counting references, legends, tables, and figures)
Abstract: 100–300 words
Figures/tables: Authors must obtain permission via the original publisher for any adapted/reproduced material.

3) Health Outcomes

Articles featured in the Health Outcomes section of Postgraduate Medicine address specific economic issues in clinical medicine, health care policy, or medical research. Article topics include but are not limited to demand and utilization of health services; financing of health services; behavioral models of demanders, suppliers, and other health care agencies; matters directly or indirectly influencing changes in patient care; cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses and budgeting; and efficiency and distributional aspects of health policy. A signed Author Release and Financial Disclosure form is required before any submission can be published.

Health Outcomes articles should be organized as follows:

  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract (Please include 4–6 keywords for indexing.)
  3. Introduction
  4. Materials and Methods
  5. Discussion
  6. Summary
  7. References
  8. Figure Legends
  9. Tables
  10. Figures
  11. Treatment algorithm(s) (optional)

Health Outcomes articles:

Length: Standard Track: 3000–6000 words (abstract–conclusion; not counting references, legends, tables, and figures)
Abstract: 100–300 words
Expedited and Super-Fast Track: 3000 word minimum (abstract–conclusion; not counting references, legends, tables, and figures)
Abstract: 100–300 words
Figures/tables: Authors must obtain permission via the original publisher for any adapted/reproduced material.

4) Supplements

Publishing a sponsored supplement to Postgraduate Medicine offers an efficient way to distribute a large volume of research in one of the oldest, most widely read medical journals in the world.

Supplements are peer reviewed, indexed, and covered by the major databases and content services (Medline, PubMed, EMBASE) in the same manner as articles published in the journal. Supplements are also available on the journal's website as free view, as well as electronically to eReaders, such as Kindle and iPad.

Please call us for a quote: 610-889-3734 or email John Elduff, Managing Director, at j.elduff@postgradmed.com.

5) Letter to the Editor-in-Chief

Postgraduate Medicine welcomes letters to the Editor-in-Chief. The Editor-in-Chief may solicit comments from authors if the letter refers to a specific article published in Postgraduate Medicine. The letter and response will be published together either online or in print based on print schedule. We will try to incorporate as many letters as possible and will respond to all submissions in a timely manner. Letters may also focus on general issues that would be of interest to readers. All letters to the Editor-in-Chief are subject to editing and abridgment. We try to ensure that letters are not censored or suppressed, but occasionally a letter will be returned to the author if the information in the letter is inaccurate or misleading. The Editor-in-Chief will make the final decision as to whether the author can revise the letter. An Author Release and Financial Disclosure form is required before any submission can be published.

Letter to the Editor-in-Chief:

Length: 300–1200 words

MANUSCRIPT COMPONENTS

  1. Title Page: Provide the article title (100-character maximum), running title (50-character maximum), full name of each author, his/her highest degree(s) attained, institutional affiliations (for all authors), and title of current position. One author must be designated as the corresponding author with full contact information (mailing address, office phone number, mobile phone number, fax number, and e-mail address).
  2. Manuscript text: The manuscript must be double spaced and left aligned. The margins should be set at 1" on 8.5 x 11 paper. Each page should include a page number. The text should be separated into relevant sections and paragraphs with appropriate headings. Please be sure that all main and subheadings are clearly delineated.
  3. References: All references must be cited within the text per AMA style. The Editorial Office checks all references for validity; however, the initial accuracy of all references is the author’s responsibility. All references must be published. Please cite full sources, not abstracts and posters. References should be current and numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text.
  4. Tables: All tables require a number and heading (e.g., Table 1. Risk Factors for Inpatients with Acute Kidney Injuries) and should be numbered consecutively and parenthetically referenced according to their order of appearance in the text. Authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permission from the original publisher for any previously published or adapted tables. Authors must use the exact credit line wording required by the copyright holder if so specified in the copyright permission release.
  5. Figures: All figures (e.g., photographic images, stains, radiographs) should be high-resolution .jpg or .tif files. For digital photographs, please make sure that the resolution is at least 300 ppi and that the length does not exceed 5 inches. Figures should be numbered consecutively and parenthetically referenced according to their order of appearance in the text. Authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permission from the original publisher for any previously published or adapted figures. Authors must use the exact credit line wording required by the copyright holder if so specified in the copyright permission release.
  6. Figure legends: The figure legends page should provide brief descriptions of what each figure shows. All figure legends must be written in complete sentences. Please indicate the magnification for all photomicrographic material.
  7. Complete Postgraduate Medicine’s author Author Release and Financial Disclosure form upon submission.
  8. Important note: All authors must complete the Author Release and Financial Disclosure form and submit it with their manuscript. The form can be downloaded from the Instructions & Forms area of the ScholarOne Manuscripts website (http://mc04.manuscriptcentral.com/pgm) or please contact the Editorial Office (editorial@postgradmed.com) for a Word version of the document.

Please note that publication acceptance does not guarantee a DOI citation for the following: Letter to the Editor, Commentaries, Puzzles in Practice, Editorials, and Case Reports.

CITING ARTICLES

Articles are assigned a digital object identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited in the literature immediately following publication. Postgraduate Medicine’s DOI prefix is 10.3810. DOI suffix numbers are assigned by Postgraduate Medicine. DOI article suffix numbers are unique to each article. Below are two examples for citing a reference that 1) has been published online (not yet published in print) and 2) has been published in print afterward.

Example for citing a reference published online (not yet published in print):

Cannon CP, Braunwald E, McCabe CH, et al; Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy — Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 Investigators. Comparison of intensive and moderate lipid lowering with statins after acute coronary syndromes [published online ahead of print March 8, 2004]. N Engl J Med. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa040583.

Example for a reference originally published online after it has been published in print:

Cannon CP, Braunwald E, McCabe CH, et al; Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy — Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 Investigators. Comparison of intensive and moderate lipid lowering with statins after acute coronary syndromes [published online ahead of print March 8, 2004]. N Engl J Med. 2004;350(15):1495-1504. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa040583.